Richard R. Ernst performs experiments that will lead to the development of the technique of Fourier Transform NMR. This would greatly increase the sensitivity of the technique, and open the door for magnetic resonance imaging or MRI.
Discovery of CP violation
8 October 1964 discovery of 3048 Guangzhou
4 November 1964 discovery of 2653 Principia
9 November 1964 discovery of 1888 Zu Chong-Zhi
12 August 1964 Death of Dmitry Dmitrievich in Leningrad, Saint Petersburg, Russia
1964 Death of Pentti Elias Eskola
Physics to Charles Hard Townes, Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov and Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Chemistry to Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin "for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"
Physiology or Medicine to Konrad Bloch and Feodor Lynen "for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"