George Olah observes carbocations via superacid reactions.
Neil Bartlett synthesizes xenon hexafluoroplatinate, showing for the first time that the noble gases can form chemical compounds.
Nick Holonyak Jr. invented LED
7 September 1962 discovery of 2624 Samitchell
2 January 1962 , Death of Robert Raynolds McMath, in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan,
20 March 1962 Death of Andrew Ellicott Douglass, in Tucson, Arizona, USA
1962 Death of Joseph Lade Pawsey
1962 Death of Hartland S. Snyder
Physics to Lev Davidovich Landau "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"
Physiology or Medicine to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson and Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"