1961 — Robert Dicke argues that carbon-based life can only arise when the gravitational force is small, because this is when burning stars exist; first use of the weak anthropic principle
14 September 1961 discovery of 2642 Vesale
15 August 1961, Death of Anne Sewell Young, in Claremont, California, USA
1961 Death of Hermann Staudinger
Physics to Robert Hofstadter "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons" and Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer "for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name"
Chemistry to Melvin Calvin "for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants"
Physiology or Medicine to Georg von Békésy "for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea"