October 1959. Photos of the far side of the Moon, Luna 3
5 June 1959 discovery of 4183 Cuno
26 January 1959 Death of Edward Arthur Fath in Tacoma, Washington, USA
8 June 1959, Death of Edvard Hugo von Zeipel in Uppsala, Sweden,
Chemistry: to Jaroslav Heyrovsky "for his discovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis"
Physiology or Medicine to Severo Ochoa and Arthur Kornberg "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"