1950 — Fred Hoyle derisively coins the term "Big Bang".
French physicist Alfred Kastler invented MASER
1950 Strong Focusing by Nicholas C. Christofilos
J. Oort's cloud theory
20 April 1950 discovery of 1575 Winifred
5 October 1950 discovery of 1887 Virton
9 November 1950 discovery of 1851 Lacroute
10 December 1950 Death of Leslie John Comrie in London, England
1950 Death of Karl Guthe Jansky
1950 Birth of Sir Alec Jeffreys
1950 Birth of Frederick William Twort
1950 Birth of John Seeman
1950 Birth of Valery Ivanovich Telnov
Physics to Cecil Frank Powell "for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method"
Chemistry to Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder "for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis"
Physiology or Medicine to Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein and Philip Showalter Hench "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"