Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segrè perform the first confirmed synthesis of technetium-97, the first artificially produced element, filling a gap in the periodic table. Though disputed, the element may have been synthesized as early as 1925 by Walter Noddack and others
Pyotr Kapitsa, John Allen and Don Misener produce supercooled helium-4, the first zero-viscosity superfluid, a substance that displays quantum mechanical properties on a macroscopic scale.
Eugene Houdry develops a method of industrial scale catalytic cracking of petroleum, leading to the development of the first modern oil refinery
11 October 1937 discovery of 3036 Krat
1937 Birth of Roy Billinge
1937 Birth of Bjorn Wilk
1937 Birth of Maury Tigner
1937 Birth of Kurt Hübner
Physiology or Medicine to Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt "for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid"