Nernst heat theorem , third law of thermodynamics
23 January 1906 discovery of 582 Olympia
16 February 1906 discovery of 585 Bilkis
21 February 1906 discovery of 586 Thekla
3 March 1906 discovery of 589 Croatia
22 August 1906 discovery of 754 Malabar
24 April 1906, Birth of Richard van der Riet Woolley,, in Weymouth, England
9 May 1906 Birth of Nicholas Ulrich Mayall, in Moline, Illinois, USA
2 November 1906, Birth of Bengt Edlén in Ringarum, Östergötland, Sweden
1906 Birth of William Maurice Ewing
1906 Birth of Albert Sabin
1906 Death of Fritz Richard Schaudinn
1906 Birth of Serge Alexander Korff in Helsinki, Finland
Physics to Sir Joseph John Thomson in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases.
Chemistry to Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan "in recognition of the great services rendered by him in his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric furnace called after him"
Physiology or Medicine to Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal "in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system"